So far, we know of ten ways that the body's chemistry can go out of balance.
These imbalances are divided into five pairs. The first was discovered
in the early 1900s, the last in the 1950s and 1960s. These imbalances are
very common, and most people who are chronically unwell have at least one
of them. Correcting them usually results in major improvements in health.
For a more complete understanding of the subject of correcting metabolic
imbalances, the book An Analytical System of Clinical Nutrition, third
edition by Dr. Schenker is excellent.
Doctors can order the book at 800-736-4320 and you can ask for
the name of a doctor near you who can do the test by calling the same
An overview of the imbalances
These people have excess electrolyte salts - more than the kidneys are able
to get rid of. The blood is beginning to "sludge," the kidneys are
stressed, and the blood pressure is higher than normal. Heart disease is on
the way (if not already there). The person urgently needs to drink more pure
water - one ounce for every two pounds of body weight per day (if the kidneys
are still able to handle it). They also benefit from taking certain supplements.
With electrolyte insufficiency, the person does not have adequate salts (chlorides,
phosphates, etc.) in their body. They have low blood pressure, so that there
is not enough blood movement to take nutrients to cells or to carry waste materials
away. They have very low energy, and other health problems. They need kidney
and adrenal support along with certain electrolytes.
This imbalance, also called the "anabolic imbalance," is a bit more
complicated. There are two main parts to it. First, there is an inability to
use adequate oxygen in producing energy. Instead of combining glucose with
oxygen to produce energy, glucose is fermented by the cells and lactic acid
is produced. This is not an efficient way to make energy, and fatigue results.
The other factor is that there is too much of the sterol fats (such as cholesterol)
and not enough fatty acids in the cell membranes, with the result that cell
walls are not permeable enough. This common imbalance is the chemistry of many
cancers, osteoarthritis, and many other health problems. Other common symptoms
include high blood pressure, constipation, irregular heart rate, sleepiness
during the day, pain, elevated cholesterol, and allergies. Treatment includes
a diet low in saturated fats, sugar and caffeine, with specific vitamin, mineral,
amino acid, and glandular supplements that correct the chemistry.
The dysaerobic (or "catabolic") imbalance is the opposite of the
anaerobic imbalance. Oxygen metabolism goes too far, producing free radicals
but little energy. Cell membranes contain too much fatty acids and are too
permeable. Apart from fatigue, common symptoms include migraines and other
pain, colitis, diarrhea, hypoglycemia, insomnia, allergies, rheumatoid arthritis,
many cancers, elevated cholesterol, and many other health problems. Treatment
includes appropriate supplements along with a diet low in poylunsaturated vegetable
oils and fried foods.
Those with a glucogenic imbalance have also been called "fast oxidizers." They
tend to use up carbohydrates (starches and sugars) too fast, and they have
difficulty using fat for energy, so they often have a hypoglycemia slump after
lunch, or may sometimes even wake up at 2:00 am because of hypoglycemia. Common
symptoms include fatigue, high or low blood sugar, depression or anxiety, high
cholesterol levels, weight problems (either over weight or under weight), and
many other health problems. These people need to keep their protein intake
up, avoid excess carbohydrates, excess B vitamins, stay away from sugars, alcohol,
and caffeine, and take a supplement combination that speeds up fat metabolism.
Unlike the glucogenic "fast oxidizers," the ketogenic or "slow
oxidizers" have difficulty using carbohydrates for fuel. What little energy
they can make is mostly from fat. Symptoms commonly include fatigue, high or
low blood sugar, depression or anxiety, over weight or under weight, and other
health problems. Those with a ketogenic imbalance need to avoid excess carbohydrates,
organ meats, and peanuts. Their supplement speeds up carbohydrate metabolism.
The autonomic nerves, sympathetic and parasympathetic, help regulate body functions
over which we do not have conscious control, such as heart rate and digestion.
In general, sympathetic nerves speed up the activity of the organs needed for
a "fight-or-flight" response. If you are driving along, and someone
pulls out in front of you, you slam on the brakes, your skin goes pale, your
heart pounds, your pupils and bronchial tubes dilate, your palms may get sweaty,
your digestion slows down, and so on. This is the sympathetic half of the autonomic
nervous system in action. In sympathetic stress, a person is "stuck" in
this sympathetic reaction. There may be high or low blood sugar, low energy,
digestive problems, nervous tension, insomnia, poor circulation, high blood
pressure, food allergies, and other health problems. To correct sympathetic
stress, eat lots of vegetables, avoid concentrated sugars, caffeine-like chemicals
(coffee, tea, chocolate, and colas) and pop that contains phosphoric acid,
and take a supplement combination that reduces sympathetic response while increasing
Parasympathetic stress is the opposite to sympathetic stress. Parasympathetic
nerves slow things down after the crisis has passed, and stimulate the digestive
tract to work again. The blood returns to the skin, heart rate slows, respiratory
rate slows, pupils and bronchial tubes constrict, and so on. In a parasympathetic
stress, the parasympathetic nerves are over-reactive, and the person is "stuck" in
this mode. Common symptoms include high or low blood sugar, digestive problems,
arthritis, poor circulation, nervous tension, depression, asthma, and allergies.
In fact, all asthma patients that benefit from the use of inhalers are stuck
in parasympathetic stress - asthma medications speed up sympathetic activity
and slow down parasympathetic activity. To correct the imbalance, avoid sugars,
fruit juices, large quantities of fruit, and meals that are mostly starch or
sugars. A supplement combination is also used which corrects the chemistry.
There are three kinds of acid imbalance where there is too much acid and not
enough alkali built up in the body. It is interesting that in one kind of acid
imbalance, both the urine and saliva are alkaline! This often results in poor
digestion and assimilation, joint and muscle pain, rapid heart beat, allergies,
fatigue, and poor function of various glands and organs. Treatment includes
a diet low in fat, fruit, and soft drinks, with an increase in pure water intake.
Various supplements are used depending on the type of imbalance.
There are also three alkaline imbalances, where there is too much alkali and
not enough acid in the body. In one of the alkaline imbalances, the urine can
be either acid or alkaline. Common symptoms include poor digestion and assimilation,
joint and muscle pain, allergies fatigue, and poor function of various glands
and organs. Treatment includes a diet low in sugars, starches, and fruit, with
an increase in pure water intake. Antacids make this imbalance worse. Various
supplements are used depending on the type of imbalance.
Testing for metabolic imbalances
Preparation for the test
The person being tested abstains from eating or chewing gum for thirty minutes
before the test. Coffee, tea, chocolate, carbonated beverages, vitamins, minerals,
herbs, and non-prescription medications (such as pain killers) are avoided
for at least 24 hours before the test. Even one cup of coffee the day of the
test will result in altered chemistry. The person will appear more anaerobic,
sympathetic, and possibly more glucogenic than they really are. When possible,
testing is done just before prescription medications are taken rather than
just after. The goal is to find out, as much as practical, what the person's
chemistry is like when it is left alone. The person is not, however, asked
to stop taking their prescription medications.
An intake form, metabolic screening questionnaire (a symptom
survey), and a dysbiosis questionnaire (questions related to the damage
that may have been done to the person's normal intestinal flora) may
be filled out. A sheet of instructions for measuring the person's morning
underarm temperature (an indication of metabolic rate) may be given
Collecting the information
A fresh urine sample is collected in a new disposable cup. The surface tension
is measured using a urotensiometer and recorded. Then an Ames Multistix
10 SG or N-Multistix SG strip is dipped into the sample. The urine pH and
specific gravity are recorded along with any other findings.
The oxidation index is calculated using the surface tension
and specific gravity.
A strip of pH paper is moistened with saliva and the result is recorded.
Te saliva pH and specific gravity are used to calculate the hydration index.
This is used to give an idea of hydration status.
The person being tested lies on their back for the next few tests.
This test is called "dermographic lines." Using a
blunt instrument (the 5mm round ball on the top of a four-color Bic
pen is just right - if any burrs are polished off first!) an "X" is
drawn on the skin each side of the navel using firm pressure, and the
time is noted. The lines may turn either red or white. If the lines
fade and disappear in less than one minute, a zero is recorded. If,
after one minute, the lines are white, "white" is recorded.
If the lines are red, "red" is recorded.
The gag reflex is tested by sliding a finger (covered with a
new latex glove) along the top and edge of the tongue half way toward
the back of the throat to where the oral area narrows. A slight tendency
to gag is a zero response. Either discomfort or lack of discomfort
with no gag is a negative response. A gag is a positive response.
The person being tested is instructed to look up at the ceiling.
The pupil size is recorded on a scale from -4 (very small) to +4 (very
The respiratory rate is counted and recorded.
The pulse is counted for 15 seconds, and the result is multiplied
by 4 and recorded.
The reclining blood pressure is taken and recorded.
The person being tested is asked to stand. After waiting for
5 seconds the pulse is counted for 15 seconds and again for 15 seconds.
Both numbers are multiplied by 4 and recorded.
The standing blood pressure and another pulse are taken and
recorded. (There are now two blood pressures and four sets pulses recorded.)
The person being tested is asked to sit down. They are then
asked to "Take a deep breath, and hold it as long as you can." The
result, in seconds, is recorded.
Evaluating the results
The imbalances are presented in decreasing order of importance - the most important
are covered here first.
There are some general suggestions regardless of what imbalance
may be found. For general dietary guidelines see the zone.
Avoid junk food - things made in factories. Chemically altered
(hydrogenated) oils, or oils that have been heated to high temperatures,
white flour products (like pasta), white rice, refined sugar, caffeine,
and so on.
Water. If you have good spring or well water available, that
is ideal. Tap water, in most places, is a major problem. Chlorine can
easily be removed with a cheap carbon type filter. Fluoride is a bit
more difficult. Reverse osmosis, de-ionization, and distillation are
the main choices. Those processes take out most everything, so trace
minerals such as Concentrace can be added back.
Oxygenic B is a basic multi-vitamin mineral that contains many
nutrients in a balance that does not create imbalances or make them
worse. (High dose B-complex supplements, for example, make certain
imbalances worse, or can even create imbalances.) The adult dose is
1 tablet 3 times a day after meals.
It is important to retest the person after a week or so to make
sure they are not being given too little, or even worse, too much of
a supplement. It is also important that they understand that they should
immediately stop the program if it seems to make them feel worse. Vitamins
and minerals have powerful effects on a person's chemistry, and it
is not uncommon for these supplements to push a person from one imbalance
into the opposite imbalance fairly quickly.
Signs of electrolyte stress will include at least two of the following: 1.
At least one of the standing pulses at least 12 points higher than the resting
pulse. (This is called "clinostatic pulse increase.") 2. Standing
diastolic blood pressure of 88 or more. 3. Systolic blood pressure of 131 or
more. If the person is being medicated for high blood pressure you can assume
that they have slectrolyte stress even if test results to not confirm it (medication
is supressing the symptoms).
Supplements to consider for adults would be an Oxygenic B (basic
multi-vitamin and mineral designed to supply nutrients without altering
basic body chemistry) after each meal. Formula ES before each meal.
Pure water - 1/2 ounce per day per pound of body weight (maximum of
10 cups) if the kidneys can tolerate that much. If there is any question,
the person is in poor health, or receiving medical care, they should
ask their physician how much they can tolerate. In any case, if increased
water intake does not result in increased urine output, water intake
should be immediately reduced and a physician consulted. For more information
on this subject, see the book Your Body's Many Cries for Water by F.
Batmanghelidj, M.D. The first 2-3 cups of water should be on an empty
stomach before breakfast. Aluminum is a major cause of electrolyte
stress and must be avoided. It is often found in table salt, antiperspirants,
pop cans, cookware, many antacids, and so on. If the person wants to
lose wieght, they can consider the zone diet.
Signs of electrolyte insufficiency will include at least three of the following:
1. At least one of the standing pulses at least 12 points higher than the reclining
pulse. 2. Standing diastolic blood pressure of 72 or less. 3. Reclining blood
pressure of 112 or less. 4. Reclining pulse of 70 or less.
Supplements to consider for adults are Oxygenic B (3 per day
after meals) and Formula EI (3 per day after meals). The person may
have to increase their salt intake (using Real Salt or similar unrefined
product with no aluminum added). Salt, by the way, is not the "bad
guy" that you may have heard that it is. The sodium level on blood
tests gives an accurate picture of body levels. If the sodium is below
the middle of the normal range, sodium is actually depleted from the
body - a common but dangerous situation. There are a dozen other supplements
that can be used depending on the oxidation index and other test results.
If the person wants to lose wieght, they can consider the zone diet.
Anaerobic (anabolic) imbalance
The signs of an anaerobic imbalance are: Urine urface tension of 69 or more,
oxidation index of -7 or lower, adjusted urine pH of 6.3 or more, adjusted
saliva pH of 6.6 or less, and red dermographics. If there is an anaerobic imbalance,
there will be either a high surface tension or low oxidation index and at least
two other items.
Supplements to consider for adults include 3 Oxygenic B per
day after meals, 1-3 Oxygenic A tablets per day after meals, Oxygenic
A Plus in water before meals twice a day. Extra A Plus can be taken
for pain. Taurine, methionine and tyrosine can also be added depending
on symptoms. The person should avoid sugars, coffee, tea, chocolate,
cola beverages and saturated fat from fatty beef and dairy fat. If
the person wants to lose weight, they can consider the zone diet.
Dysaerobic (catabolic) imbalance
Signs of a dysaerobic imbalnce are: Urine surface tension of 67 or less, oxidation
index of 8 or more, adjusted urine pH of 6.1 or less, adjusted saliva pH of
6.8 or more, and white dermographics. If there is a dysaerobic imbalance, there
will be either a low surface tension or a high oxidation index and at at least
two other items.
Supplements to consider for adults include 3 Oxygenic B per
day after meals, 1-3 Oxygenic D per day after meals, Oxygenic D Plus
in water before meals twice a day. Extra D Plus can be taken for pain.
Glutamine, histidine, or glucosamine sulfate can be added depending
on symptoms. The person should avoid polyunsaturated vegetable oils,
hydrogenated oils, margarine (of course), deep fried and even pan fried
foods, and canned meat and fish (oils heated to high temperatures).
If the person wants to lose wieght, they can consider the zone diet.
Glucogenic and ketogenic imbalances
Determining whether or not there is a glucogenic (fast oxidizer) or ketogenic
(slow oxidizer) imbalance has in the past been a chalenge for doctors. One
method previously developed required that the pH of a venous blood sample be
accurately measured to 2 places beyond the decimal without the sample coming
into contact with air. This test is beyond the capability of most clinics,
or even most hospitals. Many doctors gave up even trying to test for these
imbalances. The method developed by Dr. Guy Schenker is to compare the adjusted
saliva pH (A-SpH) with the respiratory rate (RR), breath hold (BH, and fourth
pulse (P4). This method works very well. See An Analytical System of Clinical
Nutrition for details.
Supplements to consider for glucogenic and ketogenic imbalances
Supplements to consider for a glucogenic imbalance include one Oxygenic B 3
times a day after meals, and one Oxygenic G 2 or 3 times a day after meals.
Other supplements can be added depending on symptoms and other test results.
The glucogenic person needs to keep their protein intake up, keep the sugar
intake down, and not eat meals that are mostly starch or sugar. Caffeine,
fruit juices and even large amounts of fruit should be avoided. Onions,
peppers, tomatoes and sweet potatoes also make the imbalance worse. Proteins
along with non-starchy vegetables should make up much of the diet. For
this person to eat a big plate of pasta could be compared to fueling a
wood stove with gasoline. Not a wise choice! For more information on diet,
see the zone.
Supplements to consider for a ketogenic imbalance are 1 Oxygenic
B 3 times a day after meals, and 1 Oxygenic K 2 or 3 times (depending
on the severity of the imbalance and the size of the person) a day
after meals. Other supplements can be added depending on symptoms and
other test results. The ketogenic person should avoid foods which make
their imbalance worse - sugars, fruit juices, meals which are mostly
starch or sugars, organ meats, shrimp, lobster, clams and peanuts.
If the person wants to lose weight, they can consider the zone diet.
Sympathetic test results include large pupil size, standing systolic blood
pressure of 5 or more than reclining, standing diastolic blood pressure 6 or
more than reclining, fourth pulse 12 or more than the reclining pulse, white
dermographics, fourth pulse of 80+, first pulse 73+, when the standing systolic
blood pressure is divided by 10 and subtracted from the respiratory rate, the
answer is 3-, and reduced gag reflex. If a person tests both glucogenic and
sympathetic, you should not try to correct both.
Supplements to consider include 1 Oxygenic B 3 times a day after
meals and 1 Complex S 2 or 3 times a day after meals. Other supplements
can be added depending on symptoms and other test results. It is important
to eat lots of vegetables at 2 meals a day, and avoid sugars, caffiene
(coffee, tea, chocolate, cola beverages, etc.) and soft drinks that
contain phosphoric acid (such as colas). If they have asthma, they
actually have parasympathetic stress - the sympathetic stress is almost
certainly caused by their medications and must not be treated. If the
person wants to lose wieght, they can consider the zone diet.
Parasympathetic test results include small pupil size, standing systolic blood
pressure increase of 3-, standing diastolic blood pressure increase of
4-, fourth pulse increase of 8- compared to the reclining pulse, red dermographics,
fourth pulse of 75-, first pulse 63-, when the standing systolic blood
pressure is divided by 10 and subtracted from the respiratory rate, the
answer is 5+, and increased gag reflex. If a person appears to be both
ketogenic and parasympathetic, you should not try to correct both.
Supplements to consider include 1 Oxygenic B 3 times a day after
meals and 1 Complex P 2 or 3 times a day after meals. Other supplements
can be added depending on symptoms and other test results. The person
also needs to keep their protein intake adequate - see the zone diet
for more details. They need to avoid sugars, fruit juices, large amounts
of fresh fruit, and meals that are mostly starches or sugars. If they
have asthma, they almost certainly have parasympathetic stress even
though they may test sympathetic due to their medications. In this
case, use Complex P regardless of test results. They may also appear
to have respiratory acidosis. This must never be treated as this would
make their plight worse.
Acid imbalances are often a result of imbalances discussed above. In acid imbalances,
the respiratory rate is generally 19 or more. The one exception is with
resperatory acidosis with high blood pressure where the respiratory rate
may be reduced. The breath hold tends to be 40 or less. When the breath
hold is divided by 5 and the result is subtracted from the respiratory
rate, the result is usually 10 or more.
With metabolic acidosis, the adjusted urine pH is usually 5.9-,
adjusted saliva pH is usually 6.8+. The first pulse is usually 75+,
and the pulse increase from pulse 1 to pulse 4 is usually 10 or more.
With potassium excess acidosis, the adjusted urine pH is usually
6.3+, adjusted saliva pH is usually 6.8+. The pulse increase from pulse
1 to pulse 4 is usually 10 or more. It is interesting that we can have
an acidosis with an alkaline urine - the kidneys are dumping excess
potassium and thus save hydrogen (acid). So we have an acid condition
with alkaline (high pH) urine!
With respiratory acidosis, the adjusted urine pH is usually
5.9-, adjusted saliva pH is usually 6.6-. The first pulse is usually
75+, and the pulse increase from pulse 1 to pulse 4 is usually 10 or
Alkaline imbalances are often a result of imbalances discussed above. In alkaline
imbalances, the respiratory rate is generally 13 or less. The one exception
is with respiratory alkalosis where the respiratory rate may be increased.
The breath hold tends to be 65 or more. When the breath hold is divided
by 5 and the result is subtracted from the respiratory rate, the result
is usually 5 or less.
With metabolic alkalosis, the adjusted urine pH is usually 6.3+,
and the adjusted saliva pH is usually 6.6-. The first pulse is usually
With potassium depletion alkalosis, the adjusted saliva pH is
usually 6.8+. The first pulse is usually 67-. The urine can be acid
(low pH) in this alkalosis, by the way, because there is a potassium
shortage, and the kidneys save potassium and dump hydrogen ions (acid)
instead. So we have an alkalosis with an acid urine!
Treating acid and alkaline imbalances.
Treating these imbalances is a bit complex. See An Analytical System of Clinical
Nutrition for details.
Introduction: There is considerable evidence that obesity is a glandular problem.
We all know people who can eat very large amounts of high calorie foods
and stay slim. Others gain weight on 700 calories. But obesity does not
appear to be just a thyroid problem. The real culprit is high levels of
insulin. A diet that includes refined carbohydrates (white flour and sugar)
is known to raise blood sugar levels in many people. Insulin levels must
then go up to try to deal with the excess blood sugar. Eventually, the
person may become insulin resistant, and normal levels of insulin are no
longer able to control blood sugar levels. Now the pancreas produces excess
insulin when any carbohydrate foods are eaten, and insulin levels are higher
than normal. And we know that most overweight people do produce too much
Insulin is a storage hormone. Above normal insulin levels get
you at least four ways. First, excess insulin forces blood sugar into
storage as fat. Second, excess insulin prevents the utilization of
stored fat for energy. Third, excess insulin can increase hunger. Fourth,
high levels of insulin are also associated with coronary artery disease.
You have probably figured out by now that an abnormally high level
of insulin is not in your best interests!
Dr. Barry Sears has researched the insulin problem, and has
come up with a program that lowers insulin levels by using a specific
ratio of protein to carbohydrate. For a fuller account of his research,
see his book Enter the Zone. (Note: If you are a diabetic, are pregnant,
or are being treated for any serious illness, you should consult your
physician before making dietary changes.)
Find out your lean body weight. Enter the Zone tells how to
do this. If you do not have the book, use your approximate ideal weight.
Figure out how much protein you need per day. Take your lean
body weight (or your approximate ideal weight if you don't know your
lean weight) and multiply it by 0.0714 if you are sedentary, by 0.0857
if you walk some, by 0.1 if you exercise for 30 minutes 3 times a week,
and by 0.114 if you exercise an hour a day, 5 times a week. Round this
number off to the nearest whole number to give you the number of protein
units you need per day. One protein unit is one ounce of lean meat
or cheese, one large egg, one and one-half ounces of fish, one cup
of milk, one-half cup of yogurt or one-half cup of cooked dried beans,
split peas or lentils. (Each protein unit actually has about 7 grams
Add one unit (actually 9 grams) of carbohydrate to your daily
requirement for each protein unit. Best carbohydrate units are: One
cup of cooked non-starchy vegetables, one-fourth cup of cooked dried
beans, split peas or lentils, one-half cup cooked onions, two cups
of raw non-starchy vegetables, one cup of tomatoes, one-half cup of
unsweetened fruit, or one-third cup of cooked oatmeal. Some carbohydrate
units that can be used less often are one-fourth cup of winter squash
or corn, one-third cup peas or potatoes, one-half cup cooked carrots,
one-third of a banana, one-fourth cup of fruit juice, one-half slice
of whole- grain bread, one-fourth cup of whole-grain pasta, one-fourth
pita pocket, two cups of popcorn, one-fifth cup of rice, one rice cake,
or one-half tablespoon of honey. For a lot more ideas, buy the book
or a carbohydrate gram counter.
Add one unit of fat (1.5 grams) for each protein unit. There are many
possibilities, but a few are one-third teaspoon of oil or butter, one-half
teaspoon of nut butter, two tablespoons of avocado, or three olives.
This fat, by the way, is in addition to the fat that is in your other
Do not eat large servings of protein or very large meals. Large servings
of protein or any very large meal will raise insulin levels.
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